( CNN ) August 14, 2017
The producers of CNN 10 are excited to kick off a brand-new season this Monday! And whether you’re a first-time viewer or someone who’s been watching for years, we welcome you to a program that provides objective explanations of world events. Today, we’re covering news concerning North Korea, a city in Virginia, an upcoming( and historic) eclipse, and a CNN Hero. We hope you enjoy the present !
CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: We’re violating ground on a brand new season of CNN 10. It’s great to see you and to be back on line this Monday. My name is Carl Azuz.
CNN 10 is a 10 -minute that objectively explains international events, and today, that begins with coverage of what’s been happening between North Korea and the U.S. and its allies in the Pacific.
One major issue between North Korea and the international community is the communist country’s nuclear and missile programs. The United nations organization considers those illegal.
North Korea insures developing these weapons as a right. It tested two intercontinental missiles last month. In response, the United Nations approved new sanctions, penalties on the Asian country’s economy.
Threatening statements between North Korea and the U.S. have been rising. North Korean officials have talked about firing missiles toward the area around Guam, a U.S. territory in the Pacific Ocean. And though U.S. President Donald Trump has expressed hope for a peaceful solution, he’s also said that American military options are, quote, locked and loaded for employ against North Korea.
Other countries factor in. China, an ally of North Korea, tells it won’t help the country if North Korea strikes first. But China implied that it would take action if the U.S. attacks North Korea first.
Meantime, South Korea, a U.S. ally, tells it would immediately penalise any potential attacks by the North. But most of the communist country’s threats have been directed at America.
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WILL RIPLEY, CNN INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENT( voice-over ): The North Korean regime teaches its citizens to detest America. But why?
SUBTITLE: Why does North Korea detest the U.S .?
RIPLEY: It began with a war that’s almost forgotten in the United States. After World War II, two superpowers divided the Korean peninsula along the 38 th Parallel. The Soviet Union occupied the north and the United States the south. This resulted in the creation of two separate countries, the Republic of Korea or South Korea, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea or North Korea.
Most historians say the North invaded the South on June 25 th, 1950, when the Korean War began.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is war.
RIPLEY: The North tells its citizens America actually started the war.
Over the next three years, around 1 million Northern korean died in the fighting, including an estimated 600,000 civilians. Active antagonisms ended in 1953, but technically, the war is still ongoing, because no peace treaty was ever signed — a fact Northern korean are never allowed to forget.
Since then, the country’s founder, President Kim Il-sung, his son, General Kim Jong-Il, and grandson, Marshal Kim Jong-un, have all dialed up the anti-U.S. rhetoric, including blaming the U.S. for international sanctions they claim have caused North Korea’s economic woes.
Making America into an ever-present threat has helped the Kims unify the nation behind their regime. Recent escalating tensions between Washington and Pyongyang only helped promote that narrative — keeping the population focused on an external adversary, the United States, and having zero tolerance for political disagreement.
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AZUZ: A state of emergency was proclaimed over the weekend in the U.S. nation of Virginia. What that does is speed up the help that’s needed to a particular area. It could be after a natural disaster, it could be after an outbreak of violence.
Tensions were high Saturday in the city of Charlottesville. Officials there were planning to remove a statue of Robert E. Lee, a Confederate general in the Civil War, from a city park. A protest was planned.
The Ku Klux Klan, neo-Nazis and other white supremacists took part. They called the event the Unite the Right Rally, but it never truly got started. A counterprotest had also collected that day. Left-wing demonstrators and anarchists joined it. And the two sides started opposing each other.
Punches were hurled. Pepper spray was use. At least 15 people were injured. The violence became deadly when a automobile was driven into the crowd of counterprotesters, killing one person and injuring 19 others. The suspected driver was arrested.
Two Virginia state trooper were also killed when their helicopter, which had been monitoring Saturday’s events, crashed into a wooded area nearby. Officials didn’t instantly know what caused that. On Sunday, church leaders and political leaders in Virginia and Washington , D.C. spoke out against the violence and hatred in Charlottesville.
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AZUZ( voice-over ): Ten-second trivia:
What is the word for the complete shadow that’s cast when the sun’s lighting is blocked during a solar eclipse?
Umber, umbrella, umbra, or umbo ?
That shadow is called the umbra and millions of Americans will be in it next Monday.
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AZUZ: It’s being called the “Eclipse of the Century” for the U.S. because it’s been 99 years since a total solar eclipse traversed the country from the Pacific to the Atlantic Oceans.
CNN.com/ eclipse has a lot of fascinating facts about this celestial event, and CNN 10 will be featuring reports on it all week, ahead of the August 21 st eclipse.
We’re starting with the basics. What exactly is a total solar eclipse?
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REPORTER: The sunlight, the center of our solar system and the life force of planet Earth. Since the dawning of recorded time, it rises in the east and decides in the west. But every 18 months or so, the dance of planets, moons and superstars makes this incredible moment — a solar eclipse.
In space, the sun, the earth and the moon orbit in predictable patterns. The moon around the earth, the earth around the sunshine, even the sunlight around the galaxy.
During a solar eclipse however, the moon moves between the earth and the sunlight, blocking the sunlight and casting darkness unto globe. An eclipse can be partial or total depending on how these celestial bodies align. But total eclipse happens when the moon wholly covers the sunlight.
In this awe-inspiring moment, merely the sun’s outer edge can be seen, disclosing a halo-like corona. And day abruptly turns to night for merely a few minutes.
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AZUZ: Tony Hillery and many of the kids he started working with six years ago had a couple of things in common — they live in a New York City neighborhood of Harlem, and they had never planted anything in their lives. Here’s how that’s changed for him and thousands of young people every year.
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TONY HILLERY, CNN HERO: I was a business proprietor, and the financial crisis hit me like it reached everybody else. And to stop from dwelling on that, I started volunteering at a public school in Harlem.
Pass it, pass it! What kind of shot was that ?
Any children that live underneath the poverty line or in food stamps, it’s a lack of affordable healthy food.
I met a young girl who told me that tomatoes grow in the supermarket. The other students, they had no idea what is healthy food or where it comes from.
Are you guys ready to some farming here?
HILLERY: All right.
Right across the street from the school was an abandoned community garden that we try to do a thriving urban farm.
Come on. Let’s get busy.
All the hustle and bustle is just outside the gate, and then you come in here, it’s so peaceful. It’s a safe, green space right outside their doorway.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Remember, you want your pit to be deep like this.
HILLERY: All the planting is done by the children. They fall in love with the land, taking that one seed, planting it, fostering it, tending it and then watch it bud.
Got it. That’s lunch tomorrow. Hello, guys.
We’re in six elementary schools here in Harlem. We construct the small hands on garden just for that school.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Let’s talking here favorite vegetables .
HILLERY: We’re in a school every day and we have personal relationships that we develop with each child.
Everything they grow is free of charge to the children and their families.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So, is a worm good or bad for a garden ?
HILLERY: Urban farming will get the children engaged.
Three pounds and three quarterss?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes .
HILLERY: That’s one real big salad.
Whatever piques their interests, we find the opportunity for them to pursue it as far as they can.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I’ll be taking AP Calculus, AP Microeconomics .
HILLERY: We have these children on track to go to college. They want to be CPAs, technologists, architects. They want to write code.
Be proud. Come on. Dedicate me something.
They can be anything they want. They can achieve anything they want. They’re sowing seeds of hope.
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AZUZ: Another narrative related to Harlem gets a perfect “1 0 Out of 10 ” today. A Harlem Globetrotter basketball trick shot expert named Bull Bullard recently used a helicopter to climb to a height of 210 feet. From there, he took a shot and constructed it, apparently breaking the world record for the highest basketball shoot made from a helicopter.
The fact that it’s one handed and toss out various kinds of casually stimulates it all the more awesome. It was not done in one try. But like the pilot, you still got to give him props.
He put his own spin on the trick. He never hit the skids. He’d probably rotor do nothing else, and for us, it was just a great story to hover.
That’s all for our season’s first edition of CNN 10. I’m Carl Azuz. We hope to see you again tomorrow .
CNN 10 serves a growing audience interested in compact on-demand news broadcasts ideal for explanation seekers on the go or in the classroom. The show’s priority is to identify stories of international significance and then clearly describe why they’re making news, who is affected, and how the events fit into a complex, international society .
Thank you for using CNN 10
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